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Multivitamin Complex May Reduce Cardiovascular Deaths

Friday January 19, 2018
Multivitamin Complex May Reduce Cardiovascular Deaths

It is estimated that nearly 1 in 3 deaths (31%) of deaths worldwide are caused by cardiovascular diseases (1). Individuals at high risk of developing cardiovascular illnesses may benefit from taking a multivitamin and mineral complex, according to a coincidental discovery.

 

A promising study conducted in North America unintentionally observed that participants who consumed a daily high dose of multivitamins and minerals experienced a significant decrease in cardiac events compared to the placebo group. Specifically, this dose was found to exhibit a higher benefit to individuals that did not take statins at baseline (2).  


Although their primary investigation focused on assessing chelation therapy in patients suffering from heart disease, this surprising discovery opens up new preventative opportunities for targeting cardiovascular diseases.  

 

To date, there is only one other study (Physicians’ Health Study) that investigated the direct effects of multivitamins on cardiovascular illnesses, where no significant benefits were found (3). However, in this trial, participants supplemented with a lower dose. Amongst other limitations, the Physicians’ Health Study only included Caucasian middle-aged male physicians, which may not be an accurate representation of the population. 

 

Despite the promising results found by Issa et. Al, further research is required to support the findings of this trial, and results should be interpreted with caution (2). Nonetheless, the use of a daily multivitamin may contribute to promoting general wellbeing, including heart health. 

 

Author: Salma Dawood is a Technical Advisor at Viridian Nutrition. She holds a BSc honours degree in Human Nutrition.


References:
1)      British Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Disease Statistics, 2017, available at: https://www.bhf.org.uk/research/heart-statistics/heart-statistics-publications/cardiovascular-disease-statistics-2017
2)      M. Issa et. al. “Effect of high-dose oral multivitamins and minerals in participants not treated with statins in the randomized Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT)”, American Heart Journal, Volume 195, 2018, Pages 70-77, ISSN 0002-8703, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2017.09.002.
3)      Sesso, Howard D. et al. “Multivitamins in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Men: The Physicians’ Health Study II Randomized Controlled Trial.” JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 308.17 (2012): 1751–1760. PMC. Web. 17 Jan. 2018.

 

The information contained in this article is not intended to treat, diagnose or replace the advice of a health practitioner. Please consult a qualified health practitioner if you have a pre-existing health condition or are currently taking medication. Food supplements should not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet.





 

TAGS: Nutrition News and Views

 

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